Glossary

A - B - C- D - E - F - G - H - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - XYZ

A

Accessibility

For those unfamiliar with accessibility issues pertaining to Web page design, consider that many users may be operating in contexts very different from your own:

They may not be able to see, hear, move, or may not be able to process some types of information easily or at all.

  • They may have difficulty reading or comprehending text.
  • They may not have or be able to use a keyboard or mouse.
  • They may have a text-only screen, a small screen, or a slow Internet connection.
  • They may not speak or understand fluently the language in which the document is written.
  • They may be in a situation where their eyes, ears, or hands are busy or interfered with (e.g., driving to work, working in a loud environment, etc.).
  • They may have an early version of a browser, a different browser entirely, a voice browser, or a different operating system.

Content developers must consider these different situations during page design. While there are several situations to consider, each accessible design choice generally benefits several disability groups at once and the Web community as a whole. For example, by using style sheets to control font styles and eliminating the FONT element, HTML authors will have more control over their pages, make those pages more accessible to people with low vision, and by sharing the style sheets, will often shorten page download times for all users.

To learn more visit Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0

ALT-attribute

Part of the image source tag in HTML. A good web designer will always include text in all of your image sources for two reasons: (1) if any of your visitors choose not to view graphic images on your web pages, the alternative text will be shown; and (2) if your visitors use Internet Explorer as their browser and they leave the mouse over any graphic image, they will view the text in your ALT-attribute.

analogous

Using three colors (hues) that are next to each other on the color wheel. These schemes can be warm or cool since colors are adjacent on the color wheel.  Sample Analogous color schemes

ASP (Active Server Page)

A dynamically generated web page, generally using ActiveX scripting. When a browser or a search engine spider requests an ASP page from a server, the server generates the web page with HTML code and gives it to the browser or spider.

attribute (See: property)

1. HTML element modifier 2. CSS same as a CSS property

Return to Index

B

BOM - Byte Order Mark (See: UTF-8)

Byte Order Mark is code that is sent to the browser to identify the UTF-8 Character Set. Unfortunately, this can cause problems with some Linux server and php pages which will display the marks as strange characters in the web browser. See Characterset & Page Issues for more information.

Return to Index

C

camel case

Is when you name a multi-word file with the first letter of each word capitalized, the extension lowercase. AboutUs is camel case.

charset

The set of characters used in one or more language languages that are available fro use on your page.

class

Is a selector that allows to create a style that is not limited to one element or to over ride the default of either one browser default or a html element used as a selector. A class may be used more than once on a page and applied to a variety of elements.

color wheel

Commonly used in all types of paint and design related fields the 12 color wheel is a standard.

complementary colors (See: Triad or Split Complimentary)

Two colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel are considered complementary. When placed next to each other they pop and bring out the best in each other. Sample Complementary color schemes

CSS - Cascading Style Sheets

Cascading Stylesheets are used to format and layout web pages by styling HTML elements, defining classes and IDs.

Return to Index

D

DNS

Domain Name Server, which takes your browser's request for a domain name and translates it to a particular IP address and server location.

doctype switch

When you have a fully qualified document type declaration that references an HTML specification the modern browser IE 6, Gecko based browser, etc. will display your page per the specification. If you do not have one then the browser will either thake its best guess at how it should display (IE) or refuse to render the page (Gecko based & many others) if the code is malformed.

DOS

Disk Operating System used in the early days of personal computers used primarily from 1981 to 1998.

Dynamic Web Template

A Dynamic Web Template is an HTML-based master copy of a Web page that you can create to contain settings, formatting, and page elements such as text, graphics, page layout, styles, and regions of a Web page that can be modified. You can attach a Dynamic Web Template to the pages in a Web site, and that template defines the layout for those pages. In a DWT, you can define some regions to be editable and others to be non-editable. When the DWT file is edited, all pages based on that DWT will have the changes applied.

DWT

DWT is a shortened form of Dynamic Web Template.

Return to Index

E

editable region

If you have a Dynamic Web Template attached to your page, an editable region is an area that CAN be edited within a page. These regions are defined and named within the Dynamic Web Template and will always include the content area, the title meta tag and description and keywords meta tags, and may include the menu as well as other areas. When an editable region is selected in a .dwt file, it has an orange border and includes a tab with the name of the region.

element

HTML elements, also called, tags, are the hypertext mark-up used to denote headings, paragraphs, lists, table, table row, etc. HTML elements may be used as CSS selectors to modify browser display defaults.

EW

Abbreviations for Expression Web or Microsoft Expression Web

Return to Index

F

Flash

Vector graphic animation software from Macromedia that allows Flash graphics to look the same across all browsers, as long as the plug-in is installed. One of the advantages of Flash animations is their relatively fast download time.

FPSE - FrontPage Server Extensions

Expression Web Designer has limited support for FrontPage Server Extensions. The extensions are precompiled scripts that run on the web server to perform specific tasks in FrontPage. You may use the FrontPage Server Extensions for publishing in EWD. According to Microsoft by the time Expression Web Designer is released to market there will be no support for webbots that use the FrontPage Server Extensions.

FTP

File Transfer Protocol, the most common method to transfer files from your computer to your web hosting.

Return to Index

G

gateway

A router or computer that manages access to the internet from individual computers.

Return to Index

H

HTML (See: xhtml)

Hyper Text Mark-up Language, the codes used to structure your web page. While HTML has been superseded by XHTML as the standard for web site mark-up the term is frequently used to include HTML. See http://w3c.org for more information.

Return to Index

I

ID

When used as a selector that can only be applied once on a page. Most commonly used to define sections and frequently used for the contextual application of styles. An ID may also be used to identify an element for scripting. You may use an ID as a bookmark location in HTML. When used for scripting an ID provides a reference for functions and other code behaviors.

Return to Index

J

Java

Java is a programming language, created by Sun Microsystems, which allows small applications to be downloaded into your computer for playback. Java can be used for such simple applications as animation to more complex applications such as a calculator.

JavaScript

JavaScript is a scripting language developed by Netscape. JavaScript can make web pages more animated and dynamic in terms of graphics and navigation. One of the most common graphic JavaScript effects is called a mouseover, and JavaScript navigation is commonly created using drop-down menus.

Return to Index

M

monochromatic

Using shades of the same color for instance light, medium and dark blue mixed with black and white.

Return to Index

N

non-editable region

If you have a Dynamic Web Template attached to your page, a non-editable region is an area that CAN NOT be edited EXCEPT within the DWT itself. The non-editable regions are defined and named within your Dynamic Web Template and may include your masthead region as well as footer region. On a page that has a DWT attached, the non-editable regions CANNOT be selected or modified. To change ANYTHING in the non-editable regions, the DWT itself must be modified.

Return to Index

P

property (See: attribute)

The individual presentation element being defined in a stylesheet.

Return to Index

S

Selector:

This is the html element, class or id used to apply a style.

SEO - Search Engine Optimization

Altering a web site to do well in the crawler-based listings of search engines, there are many factors and together they make up the whole.

To learn more join Cricket's Free SEO Lessons. This link includes an overview of the free classes, along with a link to class registration.

http://www.gnc-web-creations.com/seo-optimization.htm

BOTH the SEO Class and the Marketing Class are required. One must join both BEFORE one's membership will be approved.

Return to Index

T

Triad or Split Complimentary (See: complimentary colors)

When using a color wheel any three colors chosen that create balanced triangular relationship are called triads. The basic triad consists of three colors equidistant on the color wheel. The best known of all color schemes are: the primary colors, red, yellow, and blue; the secondary colors, orange, green and violet; and the remaining tertiary colors, like red-orange and blue-violet. Triadic colors are usually harmonious and pleasing to the eye. SampleTriadic Color Schemes

Return to Index

U

Usability

Usability is defined by five quality components:

  • Learnability: How easy is it for users to accomplish basic tasks the first time they encounter the design?
  • Efficiency: Once users have learned the design, how quickly can they perform tasks?
  • Memorability: When users return to the design after a period of not using it, how easily can they re-establish proficiency?
  • Errors: How many errors do users make, how severe are these errors, and how easily can they recover from the errors?
  • Satisfaction: How pleasant is it to use the design?

There are many other important quality attributes. A key one is utility, which refers to the design's functionality: Does it do what users need? Usability and utility are equally important: It matters little that something is easy if it's not what you want. It's also no good if the system can hypothetically do what you want, but you can't make it happen because the user interface is too difficult. To study a design's utility, you can use the same user research methods that improve usability.

To learn more visit Jakob Nielsen's Alertbox, Usability 101: Introduction to Usability

UTF-8 (See: BOM - Byte Order Mark)

The characterset recommended by the W3C which includes all the character used in single byte languages including accented characters in Latin languages, Greek and Semitic languages like Hebrew and Arabic.

Return to Index

V

value

Value has more than one definition which one applies depends on the context: 1. In HTML and CSS there is a limited set of values that can be assigned to a property or attribute as specified by the W3C to instruct the browser in what to do. 2. In server side code or client side scripting, values are used to pass information for processing.

Return to Index

W

webbot

Functions in FrontPage that call run time FrontPage Server Extensions.

Return to Index

X

XHTML (See: HTML)

The successor to HTML and intended as an intermediary language between HTML and XML. By common use the term HTML includes XHTML when referring to a web page's code.

Return to Index


This Glossary of Internet Terms is (to be written)

References

Matisse Enzer's Glossary of Internet Terms http://www.matisse.net/files/glossary.html

Usability 101: Introduction to Usability http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT/

Grantastic Designs, Inc http://www.grantasticdesigns.com/glossary.html